Medical Terminology Endocrine System

Updated: Aug 10

adren/o, adrenal/o adrenal gland, epinephrine adrenocortic/o adrenal cortex endocrin/o endocrine glands or system hypophys/o pituitary gland; hypophysis insul/o pancreatic islets parathyr/o, parathyroid/o parathyroid gland pituitar/o pituitary gland; hypophysis thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland aden/o gland Corti- cortex crin/o to secrete gluc/o, glucos/o, glyc/o glucose, sugar oophor/o, ovari/o ovary orchid/o, orch/o testicles, testis, testes pancreat/o pancreas thym/o thymus gland thyroid/o thyroid gland Endocrinology/ Endocrinologist Diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the endocrine glands and hormones. Person who treats conditions related to the endocrine system. crine endocrine secretion Adrenal glands small glands that located on the upper portion of each kidney. adrenal glands are endocrine glands that secrete such hormones as catecholamines, norepinephrine, epinephrine, dopamine and corticosteroids. Glands are where hormones are produced and secreted into the bloodstream Aldosterone Hormone that stimulates the kidney to retain sodium ions and water Antidiuretic hormone hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland to prevent the kidneys from expelling too much water Antidiuretic an agent that decreases urine production Catecholamines hormones secreted by the adrenal medulla that affect the sympathetic nervous system in stress response. Corticosteroids any hormones synthesized by the drain or cortex except androgen Cortisol cortisol is the most abundant and potent glucocorticoid. it is necessary to maintain life. one major function of cortisol is the regulation of blood glucose concentration. Endocrine system consist of a series of organs and glands throughout the body that produce, store, and secrete special chemical messengers. Glucagon is synthesized and released from pancreatic alpha cells and response to low levels of blood glucose, protein ingestion, and exercise. Growth Hormone (GH) affects the growth and development of skeletal muscle and long bones, affecting a person's size and height. Homeostasis means having a consistent internal environment in the body. Hormones are chemical substances synthesized and secreted by specific organ or tissue. Insulin is produced by better sales and is the principal regulator of metabolism. insulin facilitates glucose transport across cell membranes and most tissues. Islets of langerhans areas of pancreatic cells that produce insulin and glucagon Negative feedback is when a gland responds to a stimulus by increasing or decreasing the secretion of a hormone based on feedback from different factors. Ovaries produce and store eggs and females. also, the ovaries produce estrogen. Pancreas is an accessory organ of the digestive system it produces and secretes digestive enzymes that help to break down starches, fats, and proteins and also, produces hormones that regulate blood sugar. Parathyroid glands they are small and oval-shaped that regulate the blood level of calcium. there are usually four glands. Pineal gland is located near the center of the brain. it is composed of cells that secrete melatonin. Pituitary gland is a small gland about the size of a grape which acts only under the control of the hypothalamus. it is very important in the control of other endocrine glands. Target organs is the organ that the hormone has its effect on. Testes produce in store sperm in males. The testes also produce testosterone. Thyroid gland is located in front of the trachea. it is a highly vascular organ and controls metabolic processes throughout the body. Tropic hormone hormone that stimulates the secretion of another hormone Serum cortisol measures the amount of total cortisol in the blood and evaluates the function of the adrenal cortex. Serum aldosterone levels are drawn to evaluate for hyperaldosteronism Serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stim test this test measures the plasma lev